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怎樣通過熟詞僻義正確解英文題?
2020-01-02 18:22   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  大部分同學在記單詞的時候,習慣性抱著各種詞匯本仰著頭機械的背誦著給定的單詞意思,甚至有時候都不知道自己背的意思對于自己解題有何幫助,所以轉眼就忘的這種事就時常發生了。當然咱們在記單詞的時候是沒有捷徑可走的,只能靠著不斷重復的邊記憶邊運用才能更好的掌握每個詞。然而有些時候詞匯本上給的意思并不完整,所以很多同學很可能認為這個詞就只有這些意思,當所記憶的意思套不進具體的語境中時,要么就會出現認知的錯誤,要么就會茫然無措。


  前不久碰到這么一個例子,一個基礎比較好的同學在做C12T5R2的第25題時,題目意思看懂了,原文也準確定位到了,但答案做錯了,咱們來一起看一看。這是一個判斷題,題干信息為Someone who collects unusual objects may want others to think he or she is also unusual.對應的原文是One reason, conscious or not, for what someone chooses to collect is to show the collector's individualism. Someone who decides to collect something as unexpected as dog collars, for instance, may be conveying their belief that they must be interesting themselves.該同學在讀到“interesting”這個詞時,無論如何都覺得和題干中的“unusual”一詞意思對應不上,最終在FALSE和NG兩個答案中苦苦糾結。該同學犯的錯誤在于,她的固有認知告訴她interesting這個詞的意思是“有趣的,有意思的”,沒有和“不同尋?!钡娜魏侮P系,然而在牛津字典中對interesting的釋義是“attracting your attention because it is special, exciting or unusual”,如果她有這個層面的認知的話,那答案就很容易寫對了。其實她還犯了一個很多同學都很容易會犯的錯誤,當她在無法理解對應原文的意思時,沒有再去前后多讀一句話,這句其實是前一句原因的具體描述,原因中談到了show the collector's individualism,individualism一詞想必答案應該很明顯了吧,所以正確答案是TRUE。


bed-bedroom-bedsheet-2387753.jpg


  接下來再看一個例子。想必大家對remain這個詞一定不陌生,意為“保持,依然”,當然也能舉出好幾個替換詞,例如stay, maintain等等。但是在雅思閱讀的考試中,不止一次的考到了它的名詞含義,來看看C10T3R3中的第31題,Spriggs believes the burial urn which was found at the site is very important since it confirms that the ______ found inside are Lapita.這是一個有選項的summary題,對應原文為‘It’s an important discovery’, says Matthew Spriggs, professor of archaeology at the Australian National University and head of the international team digging up the site, ‘for it conclusively identifies the remains as Lapita.’很多同學在讀到remains一詞時就開始犯愁了,面對下面方框中給的各種名詞無從選擇。其實不止在劍10這篇文章里考到了remain的名詞含義,在C4T4R2的第6段中提到“archaeologists study past societies primarily through their material remains - the buildings, tools and other artefacts”,C9T1R3中的第32題題干中考到“fossilised remains”,C12T6R2中的A段提到“the remains of a city”等都不止一次的考到,所以大家一定要把這個詞的意思掌握清楚了。


  接下來大家可以自己看看C7T1R1“The American zoologist Donald Griffin, who was largely responsible for the discovery of sonar in bats, coined the term 'echolocation' to cover both sonar and radar, whether used by animals or by human instrument.”中的coin和term兩個詞的意思具體是什么。C5T3R1“As a result of the growing research evidence of the importance of the first three years of a child's life and the disappointing results from 'Headstart', a pilot programme was launched in Missouri in the US that focused on parents as the child's first teachers.”和“The four-year pilot study included 380 families who were about to have their first child and who represented a cross-section of socio-economic status, age and family configurations.”這兩句中的pilot的實際意思。

  所以同學們在平時記單詞的時候,一定要自己動動手,翻翻字典,看自己所記的詞還有沒有咱們不熟悉的意思,再不要單詞本上給啥意思就記什么意思,這樣很容易陷入思維的死胡同的。更多雅思考試干貨敬請關注新航道雅思考試頻道


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